The Late Devonian contraction along the Precaspian Basin north margin: Transpressional range building in the intracratonic domain


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Novak Novčić, Marinko Toljić
Elsevier BV
Intrakratonske deformacije, transpresija, kosa kompresija, krustalni rasedi, intrakratonski transfer stresa, kontrakcioni blokovi
Intracratonic deformations, Restraining bend, Transpression Oblique compression, Crustal faults, Far-field stress transmission, Contraction blocks
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објављена верзија
Global and Planetary Change
Датум издавања
The evolution of intraplate sedimentary basins located in the vicinity of an active convergent plate boundary is often controlled by the collisional dynamics of the adjacent orogen. The transfer of compression from the orogen to the platform's interior results in the formation of complex structural geometry and kinematics that often reactivate older crustal faults, focus far-field stresses and control the evolution of associated sedimentary basins. One place where this localisation can be optimally understood is the Precaspian Basin, situated at the SE periphery of the East European Craton and bordered to the east by the Uralian orogen. The Precaspian Basin and its northern margin experienced long-term extension and subsidence interrupted by several short-lived shortening episodes. To understand the impact and role of pre-existing basement structures on the geometry and kinematics of the subsequent deformation, we analysed subsurface data from the northern margin of the Precaspian Basin by the means of 3D seismic interpretation correlated with wells and structural modelling. The analysis results provide new insights into the kinematic effects of the Late Devonian contraction event. The superposition of stratigraphic units above and below the angular unconformity suggests an intra-Famennian age of the deformation event. Steeply dipping bi-verging reverse fault zones associated with variable amounts of sinistral strike-slip movement component display an arcuate geometry, trending from WSW-ENE to NW-SE. The distribution of deformation indicates that this complex kinematic pattern was driven by a NE-SW oriented contraction and transpression, where faults show the characteristics of a restraining bend area. This area is interpreted as part of a regional transcurrent fault system developed on the northern periphery of the Precaspian Basin. Furthermore, the study results suggest that intralithospheric stress localisation transmitted by the Paleouralian subduction zone resulted in the reactivation of pre-existing basement structures, propagation of faults, and localized short-term exhumation of the Precaspian Basin north margin. Generated by the collision of Magnitogorsk volcanic arc with East European Craton, far-field stress transfer produced a zone of oblique deformation. These data and interpretation demonstrate that the northern margin of the Precaspian Basin is an excellent natural setting to investigate and better understand mechanisms of far-field strain localisation and reactivation of deformational structures in stable platform areas resulting in the intracratonic mountain building process.
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Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Serbia (Contract on realization and financing of scientific research work of NIO in 2022, no. 451-03-68 / 2022-14 / 200126).
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Novak Novčić, Marinko Toljić. "The Late Devonian contraction along the Precaspian Basin north margin: Transpressional range building in the intracratonic domain" in Global and Planetary Change, Elsevier BV (2023).

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